Florida investigating another Zika case outside Miami

The Florida Department of Health is investigating another noticias del mundo case of Zika noticias del mundo contracted in the state.
The person lives in West Palm Beach County about 70 miles (113km) north of the initial transmission zone.
Florida Governor Rick Scott said the state officials still believe that active transmission zone for the virus is one square mile (3sq km) in Wynwood neighbourhood in North Miami.
The infected person had recently travelled to the Miami area.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention previously noticias  issued a travel warning for the neighbourhood, particularly focused on pregnant women.
The virus is known to cause a severe birth defect called microcephaly, which can infants to develop abnormally small heads.
With the school year about to begin, Governor Scott said the state is sending mosquito repellent to school districts in affected and neighbouring counties.
The outreach covers primary school through noticias public universities.
In Miami, where 16 locally transmitted cases of Zika have been confirmed, the state has sprayed against mosquitoes and tried to remove standing water, where the insects breed.
They've also encouraged the public at large to use insect repellent on their own.

Decrease funding for AIDS

Health and AIDS

The fight against AIDS is also suffering the effects of the global economic crisis, which is to scam the solidarity of governments. A report by the Kaiser Family Foundation and UNAIDS indicates that investments to combat the disease fell 10% in 2010, jeopardizing plans for prevention and treatment.
This is the first time that decreases funding to combat HIV / AIDS since many rich countries decide to make a financial effort to control the infection in the world's poorest areas. "This raises questions about the future of the fight against the epidemic," the report said.
Of the 15 countries surveyed, seven-Australia, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, USA and Spain, contributed less money to this cause in 2010 than in previous years. The governments of some of these countries announced their decision to cut or freeze their contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS and health, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the most important organization in this area, after the fraud detected.

Founds AIDS and Health

However, "AIDS is to invest in smart even in a difficult economic environment," says Michael Sidibe, UNAIDS Executive Director. "We must look beyond the short-term costs and recognize the long-term benefits. Donors should commit now and fulfill their promises to reduce costs in the future."
In all, 2010 is 6,900 million dollars raised for the fight against HIV / AIDS, compared with 7,600 million 2009, which were considered insufficient to maintain the policies of prevention, treatment, care and aid in the Third World .

This decrease of 740 million in investment is mainly explained by the decline in the contribution of the U.S., the world's largest donor by far. From an investment of 4,400 million in 2009, a year after Washington granted only 3,700, although as the report said, some funds committed for the last year will be distributed later under new models of collaboration established with the recipient countries and the health and AIDS.

"With U.S. funding delayed but not eliminated, the decrease in spending this year will be a temporary problem, but its impact on services will be real," stressed Drew Altman, president and CEO of the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Are any organ transplants between HIV-positive?

Around the world, carrying the HIV virus is an absolute contraindication to organ donation. However, if the recipient of the transplant is also HIV, why not allow a donation from them? That is the possibility that are being raised in the U.S. to circumvent the lack of organs, as announced this week the newspaper 'The New York Times.
For years now carrying the AIDS virus is no longer contraindicated in order to receive an organ transplant, as he explains Dr. Rafael Matesanz, general coordinator of the National Transplant Organization (ONT). However, the rejection of these patients as potential donors has been practically "a dogma of faith," and in fact, in countries like the U.S. itself is prohibited by law.

Transplant in the HIV- Positive

Elmi Muller has been a South African specialist, the first to break with this doctrine and see the success of performing transplants between HIV-positive patients (undetectable viral load and a number of requirements, as they both have the same serotype). "Keep in mind that there is a massive shortage of organs and a very large percentage of the population HIV positive," said Matesanz.

If there was any place in the world where this technique could be done more good than harm that was South Africa, as demonstrated by the results of Muller in the journal The New England Journal of Medicine. Although as Matesanz is quick to clarify, is a possibility that Spain is not even on the table. "If a living donor with HIV is offered to donate to another receptor positive, do not accept it," he says flatly. "Today is not justified."
However, it seems that the U.S. does not close the door entirely to repeal the law prohibiting it and institutions such as the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) are favorable to further investigate the risks and benefits of transplanting organs between donor and recipient carry the AIDS virus.

Organ Transplant and HIV

And it's not forget that these patients continue to have more risk than the general population, although Spain can boast of being the spearhead of transplants to seropositive recipients (previously rejected for fear of the effects could be immunosuppressive medication). "The first kidney was us, and the broader experience with liver is Spanish. In addition, a few months ago the first lung was transplanted to an HIV positive in Spain."

Today, despite the impossibility of giving, having HIV is no longer an absolute incompatibility to receive an organ. And it is not ruled out, at least in some exceptional cases, let it be a donor in the future.

The "good" cholesterol protects against colon cancer

Have high levels of good cholesterol can not only protect against cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer's. Now a new study reveals another advantage: We are defended against colon cancer. "A good reason to pay attention to the numbers of blood cholesterol," says Bas Bueno de Mesquita, the National Public Health Institute of the Netherlands and author of the study, published in the journal 'Gut'.
It was already known that people with high cholesterol are more likely to develop colon cancer. However, so far, "there had been no prospective studies which take into account the different types of lipoproteins (HDL-cholesterol known as' good'-, LDL-commonly-called bad cholesterol, triglycerides, apoA, apo B) and its role in this tumor, "says Carlos Gilsanz, Head of Service of Internal Medicine, Hospital Gregorio Maranon de Madrid.

Colon Cancer

As stated Bueno de Mesquita, "we note that for every increase of 16.6 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl) of HDL and 32 mg / dl for apoA, try them to suffer the colon cancer were reduced by between 22% and 18% respectively. "

Although the reasons are still unknown, researchers have several theories. They point to anti-inflammatory properties of HDL and also believe that "a low concentration of this 'good' cholesterol increases oxidative stress and, therefore, the destruction of cells, which may involve the onset of cancer." At the moment only assumptions and more studies are needed to inquire about this issue and the colon cancer.
To develop this study, which also involved a number of Spanish researchers have analyzed the profiles of 1,238 people with colorectal cancer (779 with colon tumor-affected and 459 rectal) and as many healthy. All were enrolled in a European investigation into cancer and nutrition conducted in 10 countries (EPIC study).

Health and the Colon Cancer

After examining their blood, their diet and lifestyle, the results were obvious. Those with high levels of HDL cholesterol had a lower risk of colon cancer, "regardless of other markers are also associated with this tumor, such as inflammation or insulin resistance," the authors note in their article. Moreover, "we did not observe association with rectal cancer."

Given the results, could be considered "good" cholesterol as an appropriate tool to mitigate the risk of colon cancer. To get to raise their levels, explains Dr. Gilsanz, "it is best to exercise, avoid saturated fats and even take a little wine at dinner, but genetics is also important in the health.